In politics, a partition is a change of political borders cutting through at least one territory considered a homeland by some community. That change is done primarily by diplomatic means, and use of military force is negligible.
Common arguments for partitions include:
- historicist — that partition is inevitable, or already in progress
- last resort — that partition should be pursued to avoid the worst outcomes (genocide or large-scale ethnic expulsion), if all other means fail
- cost-benefit — that partition offers a better prospect of conflict reduction than the if existing borders are not changed
- better tomorrow — that partition will reduce current violence and conflict, and that the new more homogenized states will be more stable
- rigorous end — heterogeneity leads to problems, hence homogeneous states should be the goal of any policy
- It disrupts functioning and traditional state entities
- It creates enormous human suffering
- It creates new grievances that could eventually lead to more deadly violence, such as the Korean and Vietnamese wars.
- It prioritizes race and ethnicity to a level acceptable only to an apartheid regime
- The international system is very reluctant to accept the idea of partition in deeply divided societies
HOLY BOOK OF RACIAL GOVERNMENT