". . . . . . He claims that only through their own violence against free blacks and support of slavery did the Irish gain acceptance as white."
Hess was probably responsible for several "Marxian" slogans and ideas, including religion as the "opiate of the people." Hess became reluctant to base all history on economic causes and class struggle, and he came to see the struggle of races, or nationalities, as the prime factor of history.
"The race struggle is the primal one, and the class struggle secondary. The last dominating race is the German."
Most German Jews were bent on assimilation and did not heed Hess' unfashionable warnings. His work did not stimulate any political activity or discussion.